Rules about steroid use in U.S. sport | Reuters

A third positive leads to a one-year playing ban.

MAJOR LEAGUE BASEBALL

* A first-time positive test results in a 10-game suspension. Suspensions are all without pay.

(Reuters) -Disgraced Olympic sprinter Marion Jones was sentenced to six months in prison on Friday for lying to federal prosecutors about her steroid use.

(Writing by Deborah Charles and Paul Grant)

* In December 2005 the baseball players’ association approved a proposal by team owners to tighten up the steroid policy. In addition, random testing is conducted while preseason games are played. Rules regarding use of amphetamines were also tightened.

NATIONAL BASKETBALL ASSOCIATION. A player would be suspended for 100 games for a second positive test and banned for life for the third positive result, though players can seek reinstatement after a two-year suspension. Amphetamine use is also prohibited.

* Testing in the Major Leagues began during spring training in 2003 but penalties were light. sports:

* A first positive test will result in suspension for at least four games. The second positive test would result in suspension for at least eight games. A first positive test would result in treatment and a second would lead to a 15-day suspension. Only on the fifth positive test would a player be banned from playing for one year.

Following are the current rules regarding steroids in various U.S. Players under contract may also be tested up to six times during the off-season months.

* All players are subject to four random tests each season.

* Prohibits the use of performance-enhancing drugs like anabolic steroids. Any player who tests positive must go through treatment.

* Steroids, diuretics, performance-enhancing drugs and masking agents are all prohibited substances.

* All players are tested for prohibited substances at least once during the regular season. A player would be kicked out of the NBA for a fourth positive.

NATIONAL FOOTBALL LEAGUE

* Prohibits the use of anabolic steroids, certain stimulants and human or animal growth hormones in addition to agents known to mask the presence of the drugs in urine.

* A player can come forward voluntarily if he is using a prohibited substance to get treatment without penalty. A third positive results in a one-year playing ban. Under new rules, a positive test result causes a 50-game ban without pay. A second positive results in a 25-game suspension. Each week during the regular season, 10 players on every team are randomly selected to be tested

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